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Why, when and how is Thanksgiving Day celebrated?

Why is it celebrated?

In 1620 pilgrims traveled from England to America in the Mayflower and landed at Plymouth. They are escaping the constraints of the Church of England and also of poverty. They could be considered the first immigrants in North America.

Massachusetts native Indians received them amicably and shared their knowledge of pilgrims on this earth crops and taught them to hunt and cure the meat of animals in the area.

To celebrate they had survived a hard winter and had a bountiful harvest that would help them face the next, the pilgrims held a big dinner. They invited the Native Americans to thank for their help. The first Thanksgiving celebration lasted several days. Both the Indians and the Pilgrims shared food, drink and fun.

When is celebrated?

The first US president, George Washington declared the first Thanksgiving Day on February 19, 1795. Later, Abraham Lincoln chose October 3, 1863 as a day of reflection and thanksgiving.
President Theodore Roosevelt in 1941 changed the day of Thanksgiving to the fourth Thursday in November, which is still the day when the holiday is celebrated.

How is Thanksgiving celebrated in the United States?

It is a family celebration in which people even travel to another state to join his family. As in the United States are independent of each other in Latino families, they make the effort to meet at least once a year. It is one of the most important celebrations in the United States and marks the beginning of the Christmas shopping season. The next day, Friday, is called Black Friday, where there are discounts in stores, in preparation for the season ahead gifts. Now there are also reductions in the virtual stores on the Internet that day.

The Thanksgiving menu:

The traditional menu is roast turkey, mashed potatoes, candied sweet potatoes and glazed carrots or green beans and rolls accompaniment. The typical dessert is the pumpkin pie or pecan. Many restaurants offer a special menu that day, and also some supermarkets and delis sell the traditional menu and cooked. You can order and pick it up a few days before the morning of Thanksgiving. If you’re cooking at home, you can customize the menu of thanksgiving as you want, give a Latin touch.

Do I have to celebrate it if I’m not American?

It never hurts to celebrate a day of thanksgiving a year. Many Latinos living in the United States celebrate who were welcomed here in this country and managed to meet their professional and personal dreams. You can use this day to teach your children about the origins of American celebrations, tell them about the traditions of your culture and help raise them as bicultural.

Ideas for Thanksgiving Day

  1. Meet with family and friends and, if possible, invite people who have no family in this country.
  2. Try to help others less fortunate. Make a donation to an organization that helps people without resources or perform volunteer in a shelter.
  3. Deal with your children a list of blessings. Actually this is something you can do throughout the year to raise children respectful and grateful.
  4. Host a meal in which each participant brings a dish typical of their country. It is not necessary to follow the traditional menu. The important thing is to share a special day with family and friends.
    This day many families decorate your Christmas tree or put birth.

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+100 Images for Thanksgiving Day

US Thanksgiving Day is celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November. Usually it coincides with the last Thursday of the month, but sometimes it is the penultimate. Along with Independence Day, which is celebrated on July 4, the feast of Thanksgiving is the major national party in this country.

Historical origin of Thanksgiving Day

Historians believe that the first Thanksgiving feast took place in 1621 in the village of Plymouth, in what is now the state of Massachusetts. In the fall of that year European settlers and the Wampanoag Indian tribe met at a banquet that lasted three days.

The aim was to celebrate the end of harvest crops season and also to share with the Indians who, with their advice had prevented the hunger of newly arrived settlers. In September the previous year they had reached the British ship called Mayflower seeking religious freedom in the New World.

After a harsh winter that killed half of them in the spring they decided to definitely disembark. To their surprise they were met by an Indian who spoke English and introduced them to Squanto. This Indian had been kidnapped in an earlier naval exploration and had learned English during his captivity, returning to his homeland in another expedition.

Squanto was a key figure for the survival of Europe as it taught basic skills to face the new environment and get food and, above all, taught them the invaluable knowledge to plant corn, an unknown plant by settlers which became an indispensable element in their diets.

The first feast of Thanksgiving Day

There is no record that tells in detail what they ate at that first celebration. But we do know with certainty that at least five deer and abundant birds were eaten. It is believed that among this category are wild turkeys, geese, swans and patos- well as fish and seafood.

Statement of Thanksgiving Day as a national holiday

For many years in the colonial period and even after Independence, the Day of Thanksgiving was common but there was a set date. Nor it was the same day throughout the country.
But that situation changed in 1863. In the middle of the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln established Thanksgiving Day as a national holiday and declared that it would be held in all states on the last Thursday of November. Due to the circumstances of war this measure could not be implemented in the southern states until the next decade.

However, during the years of the Great Depression, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt defended a breakthrough in celebration of Thanksgiving. His argument was that sometimes November had five Thursdays and this reduced the shopping season culminating on Christmas Day. Moreover, as the country was going through a serious economic situation was appropriate to extend the period of purchases to stimulate the economy.

The proposal was very controversial but finally in December 1941 there was an agreement in Congress and the Senate established by law that Thanksgiving Day would be celebrated in all states of the Union on the fourth Thursday of November .

The importance of turkey

It is not clear if turkey was eaten at the first Thanksgiving celebration, but what is certain is that today this kind of food is the star that day, although there are significant differences by ethnicity and geographical location of the families that celebrate this holiday.
It is believed that the turkey got such popularity as a relatively cheap meat, a bird able to feed a large family. It became popular throughout the country as the United States was expanding westward to be a meal relatively common in army barracks.

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