In the United States, the establishment of Mother’s Day as an official holiday was produced as the results of the efforts of two women. One of them, Julia Ward Howe, writer and author of the anthem of the Republic, wanted to dedicate a day for mothers for peace. In 1872 she began holding meetings to celebrate Mother’s Day in Boston, Massachusetts, where she lived. Ann Jarvis is the other woman responsible for setting Mother’s Day. Jarvis was a housewife who in 1905 created the International Mother Association, to commemorate the death of his mother Anne Marie Reeves Jarvis, who in the Civil War of the United States made efforts to improve the health conditions of both sides.